Co-parenting in India: Are they equal?
India is the world’s second-largest economy, after China.
In the last decade, it has also been experiencing a surge in co-parential marriages.
The surge has been accompanied by a significant rise in cohabitation rates.
But is co-parenthood a sign of success?
What we do know for sure is that in India, the vast majority of co-parents are women.
The trend has accelerated in recent years, and now some 30 per cent of Indian cohabiters are women, according to data compiled by the Pew Research Centre.
The majority of these women live in the rural areas, where they have more access to social and economic opportunities.
In a survey conducted in 2011, 60 per cent reported that their partners had cohabited with them at some point in their lives.
This figure has been steadily rising in recent months.
According to the latest survey conducted by the Bureau of Statistics, by 2017, women’s share of cohabiting couples had grown from 6.6 per cent to 8.6 percent, with the number of coops increasing from 15,726 in 2011 to 23,564 in 2017.
This is a dramatic increase of nearly a third, which is the biggest jump among any age group in India.
Co-parent relationships have become so common that people are even beginning to question whether cohabits are actually equal.
Some people have even questioned whether co-habitation is a right.
The latest research conducted by a University of Pennsylvania sociologist and published in the American Sociological Review in February 2017, found that about 60 per year, couples enter a state of coherence that is referred to as “cohabitation” in the literature.
This is the point where they are in agreement with one another.
It means that the relationship has started to be perceived as being stable, stable and stable.
And so that means that they feel safe.
In the survey, conducted by Professor Joseph Nye and Dr Anil Sharma, a group of 60 couples were asked about their relationship and found that more than 60 per se of them agreed that cohabitating with a partner was a right, a condition known as a “conditional cohabitational relationship.”
They were asked to describe the situation and their partner’s situation in detail.
They found that couples in this condition, whether coed or single, were significantly more likely to be satisfied with their cohabital status than those who were in a state that they could say, “I have no interest in.”
Co-paternity is now more widespread than ever.
In 2015, the first ever survey conducted on cohabitations in India showed that more couples than ever are cohabitors, with a rise of almost 70 per cent from 7,064 in 2009 to 9,631 in 2017, according a report by the World Bank.
It also found that the number in this type of coop has grown from 7 percent to 11 percent of all cohabites in the country.
But are co-parenthood and cohabitiability equal?
The Pew Research survey did not ask people about their co-marriage status.
So we will have to rely on the authors’ estimates to know what the reality is.
But what about women?
Women make up about 20 per cent or more of Indian couples, according the Census data, and co-relationships are more common with them.
They are, on average, more than three times more likely than men to be co-married.
So, in general, the situation is better for women in India than men.
The number of women in coparent relationships has increased from 7 per cent in 2009-10 to 22 per cent now.
However, it is still lower than the number with a male partner.
In fact, a third of all women who cohabitate are single.
The Pew Research study, conducted in 2016, found a significant gender gap in coexistence in India between men and women.
Women are about three times as likely as men to report having cohabitated with a co-partner.
But women who are single, on the other hand, are more likely (23 per cent) to be in a relationship.
This may indicate that women are more comfortable with cohabitaion, but the report did not say how this might be related to their own socio-economic situation.
And we have to remember that India has one of the highest levels of poverty in the world.
Women in India tend to be more reliant on their partners, and there are many social and other barriers to cohabitivity.
A report by a United Nations agency last year also pointed out that women in particular face many barriers to the right to co-marry.
The report found that women were the most likely to have suffered domestic violence and were more likely also to be victims of sexual assault.
The World Health Organization (WHO) says that more men than women have experienced domestic violence.
A recent study found that a large majority of domestic violence victims are women